Projects

Disease & Natural Disaster Response

Composting Flooding Poultry Houses From Hurricane Florence
Composting Flooding Poultry Houses From Hurricane Florence

Biosecurity during African Swine Fever response in Vietnam
Biosecurity during African Swine Fever response in Vietnam

African Swine Fever Emergency Mission to Vietnam
African Swine Fever Emergency Mission to Vietnam

Composting Flooding Poultry Houses From Hurricane Florence
Composting Flooding Poultry Houses From Hurricane Florence

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Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza/Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Response
United States, North Carolina/South Carolina
March – April 2020

 

The FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC AH), in collaboration with the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) Asia and Pacific teams, and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), conducted an emergency response mission to the Kingdom of Cambodia to support the Government’s response to African swine fever outbreaks and/or suspect epidemiological situations.  The Mission includes site visits to both commercial and backyard swine farms across various regions of the country.

Gary Flory served as the disposal and decontamination Subject Matter Expert for the mission, sharing insights on best practices for managing infected swine carcasses and decontaminating ASF infected premises with national, regional, and local agricultural officials.  At the end of the mission, the team prepared recommendations for the Government of Cambodia and potential donor organizations.

 

FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMCAH) Emergency: 
Response Mission for African Swine Fever
Kingdom of Cambodia
May – June 2019

 

At the request of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture (NCDA), the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA – APHIS) deployed G.A. Flory Consulting to North Carolina to help manage an outbreak of Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) impacting the commercial poultry industry.   G.A. Flory Consulting worked with eleven farms to manage the disposal of infected carcasses, feed, and poultry litter.  All infected material was composting within the impacted poultry houses to increase biosecurity and limit any potential environmental impact from rain events.  

While in North Carolina, USDA – APHIS requested additional assistance managing outbreaks of LPAI and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in South Carolina.  Team members supported South Carolina’s efforts to eradicate avian influenza on two farms.  G.A. Flory Consulting’s support enabled the impacted poultry farms in both North and South Carolina to efficiently manage their mortality and return to production.

 

FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC AH): 
Emergency Alert Mission for African Swine Fever
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
May – June 2019

 
The FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH), in collaboration with the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) Asia and Pacific teams, and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), conducted an emergency alert mission to the Lao People's Democratic Republic to enhance the operational readiness and ability to detect and respond early to African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks. G.A. Flory served as carcass disposal and decontamination.

Subject Matter Expert for the mission.

 

FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH):
Emergency Response Mission for African Swine Fever
Vietnam 
March – April 2019


The FAO Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH), in collaboration with the FAO Emergency Center for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) Asia and Pacific teams, and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE),
conducted an emergency response mission to Vietnam to support the Government’s response to African swine fever outbreaks and/or suspect epidemiological situations. G.A. Flory served as a depopulation, disposal, and decontamination Subject Matter Expert for the mission. 


Avian Influenza Emergency Composting Consultation
Dominican Republic
January – February 2019
 

At the request of the Dominican Poultry Association and the Ministry of Agriculture, G.A. Flory Consulting deployed to the Dominican  Republic to provide emergency carcass composting support during an ongoing avian influenza outbreak. Services provided included advising on the construction and maintenance of compost piles, monitoring windrow temperatures, troubleshooting the composting process, and providing suggestions for improvement. Additionally, G.A. Flory Consulting
provided capacity building training to farmers,  industry representatives, and Government officials. 

 

Avian Influenza Emergency Composting Consultation
Dominican Republic
January 2018

 

At the request of the Dominican Poultry Association and the Ministry of Agriculture, G.A. Flory Consulting deployed to the Dominican  Republic to provide emergency carcass composting support during an ongoing avian influenza outbreak. Services provided included advising on the construction and maintenance of compost piles, monitoring windrow temperatures, troubleshooting the composting process, and providing suggestions for improvement. Additionally, G.A. Flory Consulting provided capacity building training to farmers,  industry representatives, and Government officials.

Agricultural Emergency Planning

Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination Planning in Vietnam
Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination Planning in Vietnam

African Swine Fever Response Planning in Laos
African Swine Fever Response Planning in Laos

African Swine Fever Response Planning in Cambodia
African Swine Fever Response Planning in Cambodia

Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination Planning in Vietnam
Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination Planning in Vietnam

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ASF Consultation with India:
Depopulation, Disposal, & Decontamination

India

May 2020

In May 2020, India reported its first cases of African Swine Fever (ASF) in both domestic and wild pigs. In support of Indian animal health officials managing the outbreaks in the two north-eastern states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, G.A. Flory Consulting provided a consultation highlighting best practices for an effective response.  The consultation focused on the efficient and humane depopulation of infected animals, environmentally sound carcass disposal, and effective facility decontamination practices. 

 

African Swine Fever Workshop
Ukraine
October 2018

 

The United States Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Cooperative Threat Reduction program sponsored an African Swine Fever (ASF)  workshop for officials of the Government of Ukraine together with farmers and veterinarians to learn about animal depopulation and disposal, breakdowns in farm biosecurity, and measures to identify readily implementable solutions to fill those gaps. The workshop also included visiting government animal health professionals from Romania, Moldova, and Lithuania who are responsible for ASF response in their respective countries.  G.A. Flory Consulting served as an animal mortality management Subject Matter Expert for this workshop held in Lviv, Ukraine. 

 

Animal Mortality Management Consultation
South Korea
June 2018

In support of the Government’s efforts to address groundwater contamination from the disposal of carcasses during previous outbreaks of foot and mouth disease and avian influenza, G.A. Flory Consulting conducted a seminar on animal mortality management for the staff of the Korean National Institute of Environmental Research in Seoul, Korea.  Additionally, G.A. Flory Consulting presented on composting and Above Ground Burial during animal disease outbreaks at the 2nd International Conference on Bio-resources, Energy, Environment,  and Materials Technology in Gangwon Province, Korea

 

Azerbaijan Avian Influenza Table Top Exercise
Azerbaijan
May 2016

 

The United States Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Cooperative Threat Reduction program sponsored a Table Top Exercise (TTX) to raise awareness of biological threats, enhance multi-sectorial coordination, and promote the adoption of One Health approaches to biological emergency responses. G.A. Flory Consulting served as a Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination (3D) Subject Matter  Expert for the TTX held in Shabran, Azerbaijan


 

Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination (3D) Training Series
Philippines
July 2020 – November 2020

Ongoing outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) are causing significant challenges for Philippine farmers and government responders. To help address these challenges in a time when the COVID-19 pandemic prevents in-person training, G.A. Flory Consulting conducted a series of virtual training to support an effective response to ASF outbreaks at the backyard and commercial farms. The training program consisted of seven 2-hour training sessions held between September and October 2020.  

The training program was a collaborative effort between the United States Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Philippines Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry.  Topics for discussion included the role of biosecurity, depopulation, disposal, and decontamination in an animal disease response, and current biosecurity, depopulation, decontamination, and carcass disposal methods to mitigate transmission of infection.  Training participants are now better prepared to respond to additional ASF outbreaks and are working to develop Standard Operating Procedures incorporating techniques taught during the training sessions.

Emergency Response Training

Avian Influenza training in the Dominica
Avian Influenza training in the Dominica

3D Response Personnel Training to Vietna
3D Response Personnel Training to Vietna

ASF Emergency Mission to Vietnam - Depop
ASF Emergency Mission to Vietnam - Depop

Avian Influenza training in the Dominica
Avian Influenza training in the Dominica

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ASF Response in Vietnam: 
Phase I Train-the-Trainer and 3D Response Personnel Training
Vietnam
July 2019

 

To support the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s response to ongoing outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Vietnam, G.A. Flory Consulting leads a team of Depopulation, Disposal, and Decontamination (3D) Subject Matter Experts on a series of field visits and meetings with the National, Provincial and District level animal health officials.  At the conclusion of the field activities, the team presented Vietnamese officials with a seminar outlining opportunities for improvement and a plan for Phase II of the train-the-training workshops. 


 

2nd Biorisk Management Symposium of the Middle East & North Africa: 
(MENA) Regional Network
Tunisia 
March – April 2019

 

The 2nd Biorisk Management Symposium of the Middle East & North Africa (MENA) Regional Network aimed to strengthen and enhance biorisk management in the region through two days of interactive workshops and two days of technical presentations.  G.A. Flory Consulting conducted a 2-day workshop on agro-terrorism and zoonotic disease response and delivered a plenary presentation during the symposium.  The event was held in Tunis, Tunisia.

Agricultural Research Projects

Carcass Disposal Research in North Carolina
Carcass Disposal Research in North Carolina

African Swine Fever Carcass Disposal Research in Vietnam
African Swine Fever Carcass Disposal Research in Vietnam

Swine carcass disposal research project in Virginia
Swine carcass disposal research project in Virginia

Carcass Disposal Research in North Carolina
Carcass Disposal Research in North Carolina

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African Swine Fever Virus Inactivation Research in Vietnam
Vietnam
August 2020 – Present

As the recipient of a grant from the National Pork Board, G.A. Flory Consulting is part of a team collaborating with the Vietnam National University of Agriculture to help U.S. pork producers collect data to improve African swine fever (ASF) outbreak response readiness and to help Vietnamese pork producers better respond to and recover from ongoing ASF outbreaks. To accomplish these goals, the team is conducting two distinct research projects. The first aims to verify the effectiveness of carcass composting to inactivate the ASF virus. The second is to evaluate the persistence of ASFv in swine slurry stored in lagoons and digesters. All fieldwork will be conducted in Vietnam. 

 
New Approaches to Managing Carcasses
During an African Swine Fever Outbreak

United States

December 2018 – September 2019

 

As African Swine Fever (ASF) continues to devastate the swine industry in Asia and Europe, the United States is working to improve its capacity to respond quickly to any future ASF detections within its borders.  G.A. Flory Consulting was part of the team working to develop new methods for the disposal of swine carcasses during outbreaks of African Swine Fever.  Composting has been used extensively in recent years to manage poultry mortality during disease outbreaks and flooding events.  Composting swine poses additional challenges due to the size of the animals and the time needed to compost their larger carcasses.  To address these challenges, our project team has been working with a new method that involves grinding carcasses with carbon material prior to composting.  

The project included a proof-of-concept demonstration project in Virginia and three operational scale projects in North Carolina and culminated in a 4-day training program for the swine industry.  In addition to grinding and composting, disposal methods evaluated included composting whole animals, Above Ground Burial of whole carcasses, and Above Ground Burial of ground carcasses.  Lessons learned from the project supported the national response to the 2020 COVID-19 supply chain disruption crisis.